THE QUEEN OF THE CATACOMBS
The catacomb of Priscilla, known in all the ancient topographical and liturgical documents, opens onto the Via Salaria 430. Due to the number of martyrs buried here, this cemetery was called the queen catacumbarum.
Excavated between the second and fifth centuries, it begins with pre-existing hypogeal environments, of which the main ones are a sandstone, a cryptoporticus and the hypogeum with the tombs of the Acili Glabrioni. The donor of the land belongs to this family, the noblewoman Priscilla, whose memory occurs on January 16 in the Roman Martyrology, which indicates her as benefactress of the Christian community of Rome. This cemetery, lost like so many others due to the concealment of the entrances to protect against looting, was one of the first to be found in the sixteenth century and therefore abundantly robbed of tombstones, sarcophagi, tuff and the bodies of alleged martyrs.
It preserves particularly beautiful and significant paintings: the visit includes the main of these.